Activity Summary for Some of the Must See Sights in Istanbul
- Activity Details
- Istanbul, Turkey -
Istanbul is a megacity, as well as the cultural, economic, and financial centre of Turkey and is the largest city in Turkey. Istanbul is primarily known for its Byzantine and Ottoman architecture, but its buildings reflect the various peoples and empires that have ruled its predecessors. Genoese, Roman, and even Greek forms of architecture remain visible in Istanbul alongside their Ottoman counterparts. Apart from being the largest city and former political capital of the country, Istanbul has always been the centre of Turkey's economic life because of its location as a junction of international land and sea trade routes. Istanbul is also Turkey's largest industrial centre.
With its long history at the center of empires, Istanbul offers a wealth of historic and religious places to take in. The bulk of these ancient monuments, dating back to Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman periods are present here and some of the must see sights in Istanbul are:
The architect Garabet Balyan managed to combine the Oriental and Western styles and built the palace by the order of Sultan Abdul Mecid between the years of 1843-1856. The palace is lavishly decorated with luxurious furniture, crystals and carpets.
It was home to all the Ottoman sultans for a period of nearly four centuries. This splendid palace is a museum now. The Treasury of the Museum of Topkapi Palace is considered one of the most celebrated treasuries in the world.
Istanbul Archeology Museum:
It has one of the world's richest collection of historical artifacts and treasures. It actually consists of three museums: the Museum of Oriental Antiquities, the Archaeological Museum and the Tiled Pavilion.
It is the largest and most imposing mosque as being an architectural masterpiece in the city. The aesthetic supremacy of its interior and exterior and its perfect proportions have been captivating the visitors for centuries.
Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya):
One of Istanbul's illustrious landmark, the Hagia Sofia was a former church, mosque and now a museum. It is the most important achievement of Byzantine architecture.
The Grand Bazaar:
The oldest and largest covered bazaar (in Turkish Kapali Carsi) in the world is situated in the heart of the city. Inside the Grand Bazaar you can enjoy shopping and find great bargains in 3,000 shops.
Although it is popularly known as the Blue Mosque, its real name is Sultan Ahmet Mosque. It is famous for the beautiful blue tiles and glass work ornamenting its walls.
It was called the Christea Turris (Tower of Christ) by the Genoese and the Megalos Pyrgos (The Great Tower) by the Byzantines. It has a modern restaurant and cafe on its upper floors with a stunning view of Istanbul.
Hagia Eirene (Aya Irini):
It is one of the earliest Christian churches in Istanbul. It is located in the outer courtyard of Topkapi Palace. Today, it is now a museum that serves mainly as a concert hall for classical music performances and musical festivals.
Old City Walls of Istanbul:
Old Constantinople was surrounded by walls described as land walls and sea walls. These walls were considered to be the largest fortress ever constructed in the Christian era. With their numerous towers, large and small, they are a magnificent sight.
A visit to a hamam (Turkish bath) is an essential part of any trip to Istanbul and is something you'll be sure to repeat before leaving. There are at least one historical hamam in each neighborhood of Istanbul. Take care in selecting a hamam, as they can vary greatly in cleanliness. Most places will offer a scrubbing and/or a massage. Just being in the Hamam (as a sauna), is enough for seeing and experiencing the place, but the scrubbing is a great experience. The massage is not necessarily better than those found in western countries.
Suzain Allen is a Travel Consultant and she has years of experience in travel industry. She in now introducing her views about Istanbul sightseeings. If you are planning to enjoy your short break Istanbul, please visit www.Eurobookers.com to find and book discount holiday packages.